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High blood pressure

High blood pressure (hypertension, arterial blood pressure, ABP) – higher than 140/90 mm Hg. Hypertension is not curable, however it can be controlled.

Symptoms:

  • Dizziness, headache (especially in the occipital area).
  • Blood pressure higher than 140/90 mm Hg.
  • Palpitations.
  • Usually does not cause any symptoms, especially during the initial stages.

Not correctable risk factors:

  • Heredity. If parent have been suffering from this disease, their children have higher risk of hypertension.
  • Age. The blood pressure increases with age due to reduced elasticity of blood vessels.
  • Gender. Arterial hypertension is less often diagnosed in females before reaching the age of 60 year old.

Not correctable risk factors:

  • Obesity.
  • Increased blood cholesterol levels.
  • Smoking.
  • Alcohol consumption.
  • Low physical activity.
  • High salt level in the food.

Hypertension treatment:

  • Non-medical – applied in the early stages of the disease. Life-style correction – obesity, nutrition, physical activity, etc.
  • Medical treatment – continuous treatment with medicines is applied, correction of life style is implemented.
  • In patients to whom medical blood pressure correction fails, renal denervation procedures can be applied. This treatment method is minimally invasive and allows to reach good results.

Complications, sequels:

  • Heart rhythm disorders: palpitations, atrial fibrillation.
  • Danger of angina pectoris, infarction.
  • Faster progression of coronary heart disease, cerebral atherosclerosis, atherosclerosis of renal arteries, renal impairment.

Physician cardiologist advices:

  • Do not exercise self-treatment as you may harm yourself.
  • Be aware about your blood pressure and monitor its changes during the treatment.
  • Do not wait, treat your hypertension straight away. If untreated for more than two years, the disease increases risk of complications.
  • Take regularly the prescribed medicines as instructed by the doctor.