Urine tests and other body fluid testing
The general urine test is one of the most frequently performed lab tests. Results of the test can inform about diseases of different organs and systems in the body, as well as kidney and ureter diseases.
The general urine test measures the following parameters: specific gravity, pH value, levels of leukocytes, nitrites, protein, glucose, ketone bodies, urobilinogen, bilirubin, and erythrocytes.
We recommend having a urine test:
- once a year as part of your annual health check-up;
- prior to surgeries;
- during pregnancy;
- if you have diabetes, hypertension, liver or kidney diseases;
- if you experience abdominal or side pain, painful urination, or have a fever;
- if you notice any change in your urine (cloudy, contains blood, mucus).
You do not have to schedule an appointment in advance for this test.
Price of urine tests and other body fluid testing
Regular price Regular For clients who are not covered by compulsory health insurance
Adeno - Rotavirus in faeces
Automated urine test (relative density, pH, leukocytes, nitrite, protein, glucose, ketone bodies, urobilinogen, bilirubin, red blood cells)
Enterobius vermicularis in scrapings
Examination of synovial fluid*
Examination of urinary tract stones
Hair microscopy for fungus
Microscopy of nails for fungus (of one nails)
Skin microscopy for fungus
Smear from urethra
Urine culture smear , antibiogramm , identification
What factors affect the price?
The prices indicated below apply to citizens of the Republic of Lithuania and the European Union.
If you are coming from another country please check the price by telephoning or sending an email.
Why it is worth
To be examined at our Centre?
- We perform high quality tests which has been confirmed by the ISO 15189 certification of our laboratory.
- The results of the tests performed in our laboratory are explained by our staff, a service that is provided by only a few laboratories in the country.
- There is no risk of damage or mix-up of test samples during transportation, which statistically is one of the leading causes for ruined blood samples in labs.
Good to know
What do abnormal parameters indicate?
Specific gravity is an important urine measurement. It describes the ratio between liquids and solids in the urine, which depends on the functioning of the kidneys. The specific gravity of a 24-hour urine sample of a healthy person on a normal diet is 1.010-1.026 (some research suggests it ranges between 1.003 and 1.030). It may vary with age. Specific gravity that does not fall within the normal range may indicate that:
- the person consumes a lot of liquids (then specific gravity is low);
- the person has lost a lot of liquids (then the urine is more concentrated);
- sodium and electrolyte metabolism may be dysregulated.
Blood in urine (erythrocytes) is a likely indicator of diseases that cause internal bleeding, for example, polyps, tumours, tuberculosis, kidney inflammation or stones, etc. The urine of a healthy person may contain a few erythrocytes after heavy physical labour or standing for a long period.
Increased bilirubin levels in urine are indicators of probable liver diseases.
High levels of urobilinogen are found in patients with malaria, inflammation of the small and large intestine (enterocolitis), inflammation of bile ducts (cholangitis), haemolytic jaundice, myocardial infarction, and also as a consequence of alcohol use or poisoning.
Increased protein levels in urine show likely diseases (for example, glomerulonephritis, diabetic nephropathy, etc.). The value can also increase due to physiological reasons: during pregnancy, after intense muscle work, standing over long periods of time, exposure to cold temperatures, or having eaten a lot of protein-rich food. In such cases protein levels quickly drop down to normal (urine may contain up to 1 g/l of protein).
Ketone bodies—acetone, acetoacetic acid, and beta-hydroxybutyric acid—are found in urine as a result of some pathologies, especially diabetes (the urine is very acidic, smells of acetone (like apples)). Ketone bodies may appear physiologically while fasting and/or consuming a lot of food high in protein and fat, completely abstaining from carbohydrates, or suffering from severe vomiting or diarrhoea.
Sugar (glucose) level increase may be an outcome of diabetes. Due to physiological reasons, glucose concentration may increase after having eaten easily digestible sweets, during pregnancy and as a result of great emotional stress. Sometimes increased glucose levels may warn about diseases of the central nervous system, meningitis, or encephalitis or be a side effect of fever or poisoning. However, once the main cause is eliminated, the glucose concentration in the urine returns to normal.
It is important to remember that test values should not be assessed in isolation, and they can be properly interpreted only by a qualified doctor. Deviation of one or other parameter may indicate certain diseases but in order for the diagnosis to be confirmed, comprehensive testing is needed.
How will I get my test results?
- The report with the test results will be prepared in 2-3 hours on business days.
It can be picked up at the reception or we can send it via email at your request.
- Unsure how to interpret the results? Call the lab, phone: (8 5) 247 64 22.
FAQ (frequently asked questions)
Good urine is one that agrees with physiological norms. The main features that characterize urine are colour, odour, clarity, specific gravity, urine pH (ratio between acids and bases), and chemical composition.
Fresh urine of a healthy person has a specific but mild scent. If urine smells of ammonia, it may indicate bladder inflammation or a urinary tract infection. However, a healthy person’s urine may also smell of ammonia if it is stale. If urine smells like apples, there is a possibility that the person has diabetes. Urine odour may also change as a result of different spicy foods or medication (antibiotics).
Acid and base balance is very important to our body, because acidity can stimulate disease development. A healthy person with a varied diet has urine pH that is slightly acidic or neutral (pH 4.5-7.8). If a person consumes a lot of meat, their urine may acidify, and if a person eats a lot of plant-based food and dairy, it may become more alkaline. If urine pH is very acidic, we may suspect that the person is fasting and/or has diabetes, chronic kidney disease, or fever. If urine pH is alkaline, it could be assumed that the person is taking certain medication and/or has been vomiting, has diarrhoea. Urine pH is alkaline in pregnant women, patients with bladder inflammation and when urine has been held in for a long time.
The urine colour is evaluated by looking at the urine in a transparent container against a white background in a well-lit room. The colour of a healthy person’s urine may range between light to rich yellow, the difference coming from the variation in the chemical composition and concentration of the urine.
Urine colour depends on:
- food: certain foods like bilberry, rhubarb, cherry, beetroot, bell pepper, carrot, orange, etc. can dye the urine in respective colours;
- pigments: urine may turn greenish brown, similar to beer, due to bile pigments in it, or brownish orange due to an increase in urobilinogen, a pigment excreted by the gallbladder;
- medication: urine may have a reddish tint because of rifampicin, metronidazole, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, aspirin dyes the urine pink;
- blood: if the urine contains fresh blood, it will be bright red, if it contains old blood, then it will appear brown or brown with a reddish tint.